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Last weekend we participated Defcon CTF 2020 Qualifier and got 9th place finally, my teammates tql. With some help from my teammates, I solved 2 challenges, cursed and blursed. These 2 challenges are quite interesting, so here is my write-up for it. :)

The binary file for these 2 challenges are exactly identical. In the binary, a blake2b proof of work is required first. Then clone function is called to initiate a new thread. In new thread, flag is read into stack, and bozo.bin is mapped into memory as executable code and is then executed. bozo.bin will remove flag in memory at beginning but will load it into xmm registers, and some operations are performed on xmm registers. Such operations enable us to use side-channel attack to leak the contents in xmm registers. While in main thread, 0x1000 bytes are read into memory, and then seccomp is enabled, finally our input is executed as shellcode.