Rating: 4.5

Given this memory dump, we will use Volatility to proceed. To view some basic info about the type of memdump, we do a `volatility -f memdump.raw imageinfo` to view the profile
$ volatility -f memdump.raw imageinfo
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
INFO : volatility.debug : Determining profile based on KDBG search...
Suggested Profile(s) : Win7SP1x86_23418, Win7SP0x86, Win7SP1x86_24000, Win7SP1x86
AS Layer1 : IA32PagedMemoryPae (Kernel AS)
AS Layer2 : FileAddressSpace (/home/ideaengine007/Desktop/memdump.raw)
PAE type : PAE
DTB : 0x185000L
KDBG : 0x8276fc28L
Number of Processors : 1
Image Type (Service Pack) : 1
KPCR for CPU 0 : 0x82770c00L
Image date and time : 2020-04-20 21:16:55 UTC+0000
Image local date and time : 2020-04-20 14:16:55 -0700

Refering the cheatsheet available at https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/volatility-memory-forensics-cheat-sheet.pdf , the `consoles` plugin is used to see the command history.

$ volatility --profile=Win7SP1x86 -f memdump.raw consoles
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
ConsoleProcess: conhost.exe Pid: 3468
Console: 0xc781c0 CommandHistorySize: 50
HistoryBufferCount: 1 HistoryBufferMax: 4
OriginalTitle: %SystemRoot%\system32\cmd.exe
Title: C:\Windows\system32\cmd.exe
AttachedProcess: cmd.exe Pid: 3460 Handle: 0x5c
CommandHistory: 0x2f0448 Application: cmd.exe Flags: Allocated, Reset
CommandCount: 1 LastAdded: 0 LastDisplayed: 0
FirstCommand: 0 CommandCountMax: 50
ProcessHandle: 0x5c
Cmd #0 at 0x2f4680: echo JCTF{nice_volatility_tricks_bro}
Screen 0x2d62d8 X:80 Y:300
Microsoft Windows [Version 6.1.7601]
Copyright (c) 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

C:\Users\JCTF>echo JCTF{nice_volatility_tricks_bro}


Hence we find the flag as `JCTF{nice_volatility_tricks_bro}`

Apart from that, this is a nice blog detailing use of volatility [Memory Forensics](https://resources.infosecinstitute.com/memory-forensics-and-analysis-using-volatility/)