Rating:

We were given a pcapng with ping icmp requests and responses. The packets' data consists of mostly 0-s or mostly f-s. The packets with 0-s transtate to 0 and f-s to 1.
Looking at the requests, we get the binary 01010101010011010100010001000011010101000100011000101101011110110110001000110001011011100101111101110000001100010100111001100111010111110101000000110000011011100110011101111101, which can be translated to ascii UMDCTF-{b1n_p1Ng_P0ng}.

Original writeup (https://github.com/keyboard-monkeys/ctf-writeups/blob/main/2021-UMDCTF/forensics_protocol_one_and_zero.md).